As a rule of thumb taxpayers earning approximately $35,000 or less should favour the TFSA, while higher-income earners are likely to benefit more from contributing to an RRSP.
Other factors to consider are years remaining to retirement, income level before retirement, expected reliance on the different programs in retirement, level of expected income in retirement, and of course life expectancy.
But keep in mind that this rule of thumb only applies to the first $ 5,500 contribution. For taxpayers who can save more than $ 5,500 and who are in the middle-income bracket the differences between the two accounts are modest but benefit slightly by maxing out their TFSA and putting the rest in their RRSP. For high income earners, the reverse is true, max out your RRSPs contributions and use a TFSA for additional savings.
The table below provides a comparison between the two accounts:
|TFSA vs. RRSP|
|Age minimum||No minimum though you must have earned income||18 years old or older|
|Contriution limit||The lesser of 18 per cent of your earned income or $25,370 for the 2016 tax year||A maximum of $5,500 for the 2016 tax year (see above for other tax years)|
|Carry forward||Until plan is wound up||Indefinitely|
|Tax deductibility of contributions||Yes||No|
|Consequence of withdrawal||Taxed at marginal rate||No tax|
|Tax implications in retirement||withdrawals are considered income regardless of how the income was earned (in the form of interest, dividends, or capital gains) and taxed at your marginal tax rate at the time of withdrawal. This may result in clawback from other programs such as Old Age Security||Withdrawals are not considered income and do not result in clawbacks from other programs.|
|Spousal contributions||If you contribute to your spouses plan, your contribution room will be affected.||If you contribute to your spouses plan, their contribution room will be affected.|
|Year-End||End of Feb or March 1||Dec 31|
|Eligible investment||Stocks, Bonds, Mutual Funds, GICs, ETFs||Same as RRSP|